Americans make over choices regarding food each day, according to Cornell University professor Brian Wansink. Factors you scarcely notice influence these decisions.
Taste preference[ edit ] Researchers have found that consumers cite taste as the primary determinant of food choice.
Approximately 25 percent of the US population are supertasters and 50 percent are tasters. Epidemiological studies suggest that nontasters are more likely to eat a wider variety of foods and to have a higher body mass index BMIa measure of weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared.
Environmental influences[ edit ] Many environmental cues influence food choice and intake, although consumers may not be aware of their effects see mindless eating.
Portion size[ edit ] Portion sizes in the United States have increased markedly in the past several decades. Salience[ edit ] Increased food salience in one's environment including both food visibility and proximity has been shown to increase consumption.
However, overall there are few studies indicating altered energy intake in response to extreme ambient temperatures and the evidence is primarily anecdotal. Lighting[ edit ] There is a dearth of research investigating relationships between lighting and intake; however, extant literature suggests that harsh or glaring lighting promotes eating faster,  whereas soft or warm lighting increases food intake by increasing comfort level, lowering inhibition, and extending meal duration.
In reviewing this literature, Herman, Roth, and Polivy  have outlined three distinct effects: Social facilitation — When eating in groups, people tend to eat more than they do when alone. In daily diary studies, individuals have been found to eat from 30  to percent   more while in the presence of others versus eating alone.
In fact, some research has indicated that the rate of intake is best described as a linear function of the number of people present, such that meals eaten with one, four, or seven other people were 33, 69, and 96 percent larger than meals eaten alone, respectively. Modeling — When eating in the presence of others who consistently eat either a lot or a little, individuals tend to mirror this behavior by also eating either a lot or a little.
Early studies of modeling effects investigated food intake alone versus in the presence of others who either ate either a very small amount 1 cracker or a larger amount crackers. Research manipulating eating social norms within real-life actual friendships has also demonstrated modeling effects, as individuals ate less in the company of friends who had been instructed to restrict their intake versus those who had not been given these instructions.
Impression management — When people eat in the presence of others who they perceive to be observing or evaluating them, they tend to eat less than they would otherwise eat alone. Leary and Kowalski  define impression management in general as the process by which individuals attempt to control the impressions others form of them.
Previous research has shown that certain types of eating companions make people more or less eager to convey a good impression, and individuals often attempt to achieve this goal by eating less.
It also seems that women may consume less in order to exude a feminine identity; in a second study, women who were made to believe that a male companion viewed them as masculine ate less than women who believed they were perceived as feminine. The weight of eating companions may also influence the volume of food consumed.
Obese individuals have been found to eat significantly more in the presence of other obese individuals compared to normal-weight others, while normal-weight individuals' eating appears unaffected by the weight of eating companions. There is emerging evidence that experiences with weight stigma may be a type of stereotype threat which leads to behavior consistent with the stereotype; for example, overweight and obese individuals ate more food after exposure to a weight stigmatizing condition.RESULTS: Factors perceived as influencing food choices included hunger and food cravings, appeal of food, time considerations of adolescents and parents, convenience of food, food availability, parental influence on eating behaviors (including the culture or religion of the family), benefits of foods (including health), situation-specific.
May 12, · Time’s Influence on Your Food Choices Schedules that leave only moments to spare can have you reaching for a bag of chips for breakfast or turning into the nearest fast food drive-through at lunch to quiet your grumbling stomach.
Most studies investigate the factors that influence habitual food choice but it may be useful to investigate what influences food choice at different eating occasions.
In the USA the following order of factors affecting food choices has been reported: taste, cost, nutrition, convenience and weight concerns (Glanz et al.
). In fact, many food choices are heavily influenced by advertising and media marketing specifically designed to make customers choose one food or brand of food over another. Children, for example, are influenced by factors such as toys that come with fast-food meals and cartoon characters promoting breakfast cereal.
Americans make over choices regarding food each day, according to Cornell University professor Brian Wansink. Factors you scarcely notice influence these decisions. Although the of list of potential contributing factors is long, some are particularly common. Factors affecting food choice Below you will find a number of resources to support teaching and learning about the factors that affect food choice.
The resources are suitable for Key Stage 3 and Key Stage 4 - please use your professional judgement and knowledge .